utilitarianism

Ways to write a narrative essay

And as we cannot always be satisfied merely with being admired, unless we can at the same time persuade ourselves that we are in some degree really worthy of admiration; so we cannot always be satisfied merely with being believed, unless we are at the same time conscious that we are really worthy of belief. How we skimmed the cream of criticism! The former we call soft, the latter hard, bodies. They assigned, therefore, to {343} each of them, a sphere of its own; that is, supposed each of them to be attached to the concave side of a solid and transparent body, by whose revolutions they were carried round the earth. The story of King Alfred’s misadventure with the cakes—of which we have found the counterpart in savage life—is an example of the more shrewish criticism of the male ignoramus by the female expert. Its waters which, when surveyed from the precipice, afforded a muddy greenish hue, arising from their depth and position to the eye, {29} when regarded from a shelving shore, were the colour of the sky, and seem rising to meet it. It was in vain, therefore, that astronomers laboured to find that perfect constancy and regularity in the motions of the heavenly bodies, which is to be found in no other parts of nature. It would mean especially the sacred or national books. 2. But those who kept on copying Aristotle for centuries and would not believe what they saw with their own eyes unless they could confirm it with a passage from his writings–they were no scientists at all. This is strictly similar to the Nahuatl and other synthetic tongues. It is a face, in short, of the greatest purity and sensibility, sweetness and simplicity, or such as Chaucer might have described ‘Where all is conscience and tender heart.’ I have said that it is an English face; and I may add (without being invidious) that it is not a French one. They are either the sentiments and passions, in the exercise of which consist both the glory and the happiness of human life, or they are those from which it derives its most delicious pleasures, and most enlivening joys; or, at the worst and the lowest, they are those by which it calls upon our indulgence and compassionate assistance to its unavoidable weaknesses, distresses, and misfortunes. Let us suppose, for example, that the word _venit_, _it comes_, was originally an impersonal verb, and that it denoted, not the coming of something in general, as at present, but the coming of a particular object, such as _the lion_. Much of what looks like this turns out, on closer inspection, to be, in part at least, externally determined. W. Were it not for the vast importance of the subject, this might seem the place to introduce some observations on that most grievous error so common among religious persons, of supposing that God requires, on sacred matters, the abnegation of reason—of that reason which distinguishes men, and without which there is no distinction between us and brutes;—it is not merely our will, or affections, or instincts, but this will combined with the superadded attribute of our own understanding which makes us men, and makes us even images and likenesses, (so far as the will and understanding are united, and exist in perfection,) of our Maker! Paris built (till now) of mud! Such direct consequences of wickedness present the object before us in an aspect that makes it difficult for us to exercise any feelings of commiseration towards them. They enjoy the task of owning and running a great railway system, of organizing and managing some great industrial combination. Numerous instances can be adduced where the current has taken away twenty-one yards of land from the interior in three tides; and it was computed when the present Inn was built in Lower Sherringham, near Cromer, in 1805, that it would require seventy years for the sea to reach the spot, the mean loss of land being calculated, from previous observations, to be somewhat less than one yard annually; the distance between the house and the sea was fifty yards, but no allowance was made for the slope of the ground being from the sea, in consequence of which the waste was naturally accelerated every year as the cliff grew lower, there being at each succeeding period less matter to remove when portions of equal area fell down. These Imputations as they are unjust, especially the latter, so they savour strongly of the Malice, Arrogance and Sottishness of those, that most frequently urge ’em; who are commonly either conceited Fops, whose success in their Pretences to the favour of our Sex has been no greater than their Merit, and fallen very far short of their Vanity and Presumption, or a sort of morose, ill-bred, unthinking Fellows, who appear to be Men only by their Habit and Beards, and are scarce distinguishable from Brutes but by their Figure and Risibility. Adalbert, the apostle of Prussia, but the other retained its hold until the sinner came to the shrine of St. ‘According to the same law,’ he adds, [What law?] ‘the hamster gathers corn and grain, the dog hides his superfluous food’—[This at any rate seems a rational act.]—‘the falcon kills the hare by driving his beak into its neck,’ &c. OBSERVATION IX. However nearly allied, however similar I may be to my future self, whatever other relation I may bear to that self, so long as there is not this intercommunity of thoughts and feelings, so long as there is an absolute separation, an insurmountable barrier fixed between the present, and the future, so that I neither am, nor can possibly be affected at present by what I am to feel hereafter, I am not to any moral or practical purpose the _same_ being. It is a fault common to all highly trained specialists. Beginning with the “objective” characteristics, those which reside in the tickling experience itself, we may observe how much apprehension of meaning has to do with the “funniness” of the experience. If amusements and employment are good for these, how much better for those who are not past the hope of recovery; it may change the object of their thoughts, and gradually turn them to one of a less dangerous nature. The great expense of good Tapestry, the circumstance which confines it to the palaces of princes and of great lords, gives it, in the eyes of the greater part of the people, an air of riches and magnificence, which contributes still further to compensate the imperfection of its imitation. We do not think of applying this word to a great poet or a great painter, to the man of genius, or the man of virtue, for it is seldom we can _spunge_ upon them. The ancients seem to have had little or nothing of what is properly called instrumental music, or of music composed not to be sung by the voice, but to be played upon instruments, and both their wind and stringed instruments seem to have served only as an accompaniment and direction to the voice. The objection would indeed hold good if it were true that the child’s imaginary sympathy with the danger of another must be derived as it were in a kind of direct line from that other’s actual sense of past pain, or its immediate communication to his own senses, which is absurd. What at first disturbs us is not the object of the senses, but the idea of the imagination. But how many of us do anything with our statistics? Footnote 73: The distinction between the motives to action and the _reasons_ for it cannot affect the argument here insisted on. This case, I shall hereafter show, was apparently saved by this separation from former associates, at this critical period of convalescence, and he was one who required very superior and intellectual attention. This distinction must be absolute and universally applicable, if it is so at all. So the Toltecs, under Quetzalcoatl, were fabled to have entered Mexico from beyond the Eastern Ocean. No doubt this tendency in laughter will help to preserve once useful tribal characters when altered circumstances, introduced, for example, by the coming of the white man, require new adaptations. In the power of producing this effect consists the essential characteristic which distinguishes such melody from what is bad or indifferent. Such are the intermediate causes by which philosophers have endeavoured to connect the Sensation in our organs, with the distant bodies which excite them. Natural philosophers, in their independency upon the public opinion, approach nearly to mathematicians, and, in their judgments concerning the merit of their own discoveries and observations, enjoy some degree of the same security and tranquillity. As regards the purely internal sanction of our actions and thoughts, that is to say, our relationship with Ultimate Reality, which is God or the Law of Existence, there is only one conception of the latter which seems to comprehend the infinite with the finite, and that is Force, because it is the continuity of Existence, or after the manner of Leibnitz: “Substance, the ultimate reality, can only be conceived as force.” Any moral law which may be said to be fundamental in itself and independent of circumstances will be in relation to force. The imagination had no hold of this immaterial virtue, and could form no determinate idea of what it consisted in. Now those {256} who directly or indirectly serve as the butt are all the world over disposed, till the grace of a genial tolerance has been added, to dislike and resent the part thrust on them. Miss Shinn remarks that Ruth’s mouth was opened wide on the 113th day—five days before the first laugh—while the child was tossed and tumbled. She is very agreeable and useful in the house, which she considers her home. Footnote 95: See Essays by T. Nicholas, Yarmouth. The _transcendental_ sophists wish to back out of that, as too conclusive and well-defined a position. No matter how like any other impression may be to any of the associated ones,—if it does not agree in place as well as kind, it might as well not exist at all; it’s influence can no more be felt in the seat of the first, than if it were parcel of another intellect, or floated in the regions of the moon. Yet if, by a negligence (Culpa levis) of this kind he should occasion some damage to another person, he is by the laws of, I believe, all countries, obliged to compensate it. Liguaire, and human means were unavailing to reconcile their pretensions, the decision of the Supreme Power was resorted to, by placing under the altar-cloth three slips with their respective names inscribed, and after a becoming amount of prayer, on withdrawing one of them, the see of Poitiers was enriched with the precious remains by Divine favor.[1126] That such appeals to chance were regarded by the Church with disfavor is shown by Gratian, who argues that the Hebrew examples were not precedents to be observed under the New Law.[1127] Yet the second council of Barcelona in 599 had decreed that when an episcopal vacancy was to be filled two or three candidates should be chosen by the clergy and people, and from among these the metropolitan and his suffragans should select one by lot, after due fasting and prayer.[1128] One of the most interesting applications of the lot on record was that by which the founders of the Bohemian Brethren determined upon the future existence of the sect. The data on which the librarian may rely to accept or reject from a mere list of books are: 1) the author’s name; 2) the title, with such brief annotation as may follow it; 3) notices in the book magazines; 4) the publisher’s name. In its most simple form the oath is an invocation of some deity or supernatural power to grant or withhold his favor in accordance with the veracity of the swearer, but at all times men have sought to render this more impressive by interposing material objects dear to the individual, which were understood to be offered as pledges or victims for the divine wrath. In the suitableness or unsuitableness, in the proportion or disproportion which the affection seems to bear to the cause or object which excites it, consists the propriety or impropriety, the decency or ungracefulness of the consequent action. Monks and nuns were exempt from the jurisdiction of the civil authorities, and were bound by vows of blind obedience to their superiors. But it is obvious that a single phrase in this account may be but the apex of a whole pyramid of memories emanating from the critic’s technical training, his attitude towards the new departure, experiences highly coloured with emotion which a few notes of music may have evoked, and his mental condition at the time he heard the performance. I may refer to two portraits in the Louvre, the one by Raphael, the other by Titian (Nos. The earliest exponents of a morality that in no way depended upon the work of Reason were the ancient Epicureans and Cyrenaics; since for them good was pleasure ways to write a narrative essay and evil was pain, the sources and tests of all ethical truth were necessarily, in consequence, the feelings and emotions. And as a mixture of thought and of vision provides more stimulus, by suggesting both, both clear thinking and clear statement of particular objects must disappear. Such a person, we hear men commonly say, intended no doubt to serve us; and we really believe exerted himself to the utmost of his abilities for that purpose. The first is the idea of complete propriety and perfection, which, in those difficult situations, no human conduct ever did, or ever can come up to; and in comparison with which the actions of all men must for ever appear blamable and imperfect. I believe that when we say a man is lucky, we mean something definite, and that thing surely has an existence. Joy, grief, love, admiration, devotion, are all of them passions which are naturally musical. 17. We cannot pay a worse compliment to any pleasure or pursuit than to surrender the pretensions of some other to it. You might at first think it a drinking song; but the drunkenness it refers to is the intoxication of battle, the _Berserkerwuth_ of the Norse Vikings; the flowers which he sings are the war-shields with their gay ornaments; and the fertile plains which he lauds are those ways to write a narrative essay which are watered with the blood of heroes. A well-contrived building may endure many centuries: a beautiful air may be delivered down by a sort of tradition, through many successive generations: a well-written poem may last as long as the world; and all of them continue for ages together, to give the vogue to that particular style, to that particular taste or manner, according to which each of them was composed. Even Cerberus is good to the good soul. This type of fiction gives us elemental laughter, uncomplicated by anything in the nature of sad reflection—though a little of the tenderness of humour may steal in. Yet legists who had been trained in the old school could not admit the soundness of modern ideas, and in the greater part of Germany the theories which resulted in the use of torture continued to prevail. In the work of Maeterlinck and Claudel on the one hand, and those of M. What we have accomplished brings us merely to a mile stone in the path of progress. You see that Provence is the merest point of diffusion here. Of those which are well disposed, the most familiar are the _Balams_ (Maya, _Hbalamob_, masculine plural form of _balam_). It is a warrior who prepares himself to confront danger, and who provokes or desires his enemy. The contemplation of them pleases us, and we are interested in whatever can tend to advance them. It is for a reason of the same kind, that a certain reserve is necessary when we talk of our own friends, our own studies, our own professions. Lamb has lately taken it into his head to read St. The disposition to the affections which drive men from one another, and which tend, as it were, to break the bands of human society; the disposition to anger, hatred, envy, malice, revenge; is, on the contrary, much more apt to offend by its excess than by its defect. In the most glittering and exalted situation that our idle fancy can hold out to us, the pleasures from which we propose to derive our real happiness, are almost always the same with those which, in our actual, though humble station, we have at all times at hand, and in our power. how would he have been surprised to see all his follies—his ‘right-hand defections and his left-hand compliances,’ and his contempt for human learning, blossom again in a knot of sophists and professed _illumines_! One of the most interesting exhibitions I ever saw was of foreign railway material–timetables, tickets, dining-car menus, etc. The husband, as though conscious of innocence, at once presented himself to the authorities asserting with fearful oaths his ignorance of the crime. What he is, the rest are—whatever his joys and sorrows are composed of, theirs are the same—no more, no less. Rejecting the explanation of Scribonius, he argues that the floating of the witch is caused by the direct interposition of the Devil himself, who is willing to sacrifice a follower occasionally in order to damn the souls of those who participate in a practice condemned by the Church.[1036] Wier, who denied witchcraft, while believing in the active interposition of the Devil, argues likewise that those who float are borne up by demons, but he attributes it to their desire to confirm the popular illusions concerning witchcraft.[1037] Another demonographer of the period, Godelmann, does not hesitate to say that any judge resorting to this mode of proof rendered himself liable to a retaliatory action; and he substantiates his opinion as to the worthlessness of the trial by a case within his own experience. For lack of a better, the designation “cosmic suggestion” has been used as a generic term to describe the force resulting from the accumulative suggestions or impulsions of aggregations of individual agents, between whom and the subjects or recipients ways to write a narrative essay a state of _rapport_ is more or less established. Discussion in the meeting was chiefly on the more personal items of information, such as those about neatness of dress, etc.; also about others whose propriety or clearness was questioned, such as that regarding loyalty to the library. Neither did it seem unnatural, that, as the same matter which had composed one animal body might be employed to compose another, that the same intelligence which had animated one ways to write a narrative essay such being should again animate another. Neither the material Essence of body could, according to him, exist actually without being determined by some Specific Essence, to some particular class of things, nor any Specific Essence without being embodied in some particular portion of matter. The kind of criticism that Goethe and Coleridge produced, in writing of Hamlet, is the most misleading kind possible. The Italiote branch of the Aryans affords us a more definite illustration of the same belief in the custom of the Umbrians, who settled quarrels by single combat, and deemed that he who slew his adversary thus proved that his cause was just.[296] Although C?sar makes no mention of such a custom in Gaul, it evidently prevailed among the Celtic tribes. Every city contains numerous charitable bodies, all trying to relieve want and alleviate suffering. Let the warrior enter the house of the old men. p. War is the great school both for acquiring and exercising this species of magnanimity. Standardization is valuable where interchangeability is necessary rather than adaptation to local conditions. This was well attended, and it appeared that much of the feeling was due to misunderstanding. A French gentleman formerly asked me what I thought of a landscape in their Exhibition. This accent may frequently, with great grace, fall upon the beginning of the first interval; after which, it cannot, without spoiling the verse, fall any where but upon the close of an interval. Exploitation is another possible rock. We often apply it, therefore, to express the most opposite relations; because, the most opposite relations agree so far that each of them comprehends in it the general idea or nature of a relation. Each of these had a regular and constant, but a peculiar movement of its own, which it communicated to what was properly the Sphere of the Planet, and thus occasioned that diversity of motions observable in those bodies. You fancy that you hear the people talking. This was a primeval custom, even in civil cases. This accurate student has analyzed the cranioscopic formulas of the most ancient American skulls, those from the alleged tertiary deposits of the Pampas, those from the caverns of Lagoa Santa in Brazil, that obtained from Rock Bluff, Illinois, the celebrated Calaveras skull from California, and one from Pontemelo in Buenos Ayres of geologic antiquity. It is not in his personal emotions, the emotions provoked by particular events in his life, that the poet is in any way remarkable or interesting. The Latin _carus_, which Cicero calls _ipsum verbum amoris_,[381] means costly in price as well as beloved; and the tender English “dear” means quite as often that the object is expensive to buy, as that we dote very much upon it. ways essay narrative a to write.