utilitarianism

20 page essay example mla reference

The Committee has also made what I regard as the mistake of finding fault with the library that suffers from an unduly reduced appropriation, instead of with the city or town government that is responsible for the reduction. We cannot bring ourselves to feel for him what he feels for himself, and what, perhaps, we should feel for ourselves if in his situation: we, therefore, despise him; unjustly perhaps, if any sentiment could be regarded as unjust, to which we are by nature irresistibly determined. A burn is considered to render the guilt of the accused indubitable, and his only appeal is to have the trial repeated in public, when, if the same result follows, he is bound either to cure the bewitched person or to suffer death if the latter dies.[919] In the earlier periods of European law, the burning iron was reserved for cases of peculiar atrocity. This habitual idea of their natural inertness was incompatible with that of their natural motion. It is more natural to mimic, by gestures and motions, the adventures of common life, than to express them in Verse or Poetry. In this sense, that is considered with respect to the proposed end of our actions, I have shewn sufficiently that there is no exclusive principle of self-love in the human mind which constantly impels us to pursue our own advantage and nothing but that, and that it must be equally absurd to consider either self-love or benevolence as a physical operation. The special faculties are every where the same.’ Page 85. His jests shall be echoed with loud laughter, because his own lungs begin to crow like chanticleer, before he has uttered them; while a little hectic nervous humourist shall stammer out an admirable conceit that is damned in the doubtful delivery—_vox faucibus h?sit_.—The first shall tell a story as long as his arm, without interruption, while the latter stops short in his attempts from mere weakness of chest: the one shall be empty and noisy and successful in argument, putting forth the most common-place things ‘with a confident brow and a throng of words, that come with more than impudent sauciness from him,’ while the latter shrinks from an observation ‘too deep for his hearers,’ into the delicacy and unnoticed retirement of his own mind. It follows that if men who are supporters of rule are to laugh at a violation of it, the act of lawlessness must not seem of a gravity sufficient to offend this respect. Why then may not a poor author say nothing, and yet pass muster? Where the disparity is so very great, on the contrary, we are often contented with the most imperfect resemblance; with the very imperfect resemblance, for example, both as to the figure and the colour, of fruits and flowers in shell-work. There is an excess of character and _naivete_ that never tires. Footnote 49: It must be granted, however, that there was something _piquant_ and provoking in his manner of ‘making the worse appear the better reason.’ In keeping off the ill odour of a bad cause, he applied hartshorn and burnt feathers to the offended sense; and did not, like Mr. When the man who blasphemed the Lord (_Levit._ xxiv. You wonder to see how little has been added; you grieve that so little has been lost. 1.—His eccentricity, and exaggeration of his 113 natural character and that of his family. We should have to understand things which Shakespeare did not understand himself. My friends are aware of this, as also of my impatience and irritability; 20 page essay example mla reference and they cannot prevail on themselves to put an end to this dramatic situation of the parties. My tests would be– (1) The test of language. Locke and different writers have bestowed so much tedious and unprofitable discussion; some maintaining that the mind was like a watch that goes continually, though more slowly and irregularly at one time than another; while the opposite party contended that it often stopped altogether, bringing the example of sound sleep as an argument, and desiring to know what proof we could have of thoughts passing through the mind, of which it was itself perfectly unconscious, and retained not the slightest recollection. Though a respect for the customary prompts us at first to ridicule any sudden and impressive change in ideas or habits of life, yet, when the change is in a fair way of becoming fixed, the same feeling will urge us to make merry over those who show an obstinate prejudice in favour of the old. The frequency of epithets and ornaments, too, is a resource for which the poet finds it difficult to obtain an equivalent. Having thus broken down the protection of the citizen against the evidence of his slaves in accusations of treason, it was not difficult to extend the liability to other special crimes. 1. In New York the circulation through travelling libraries is equal to that of three branches of the first class, while the number of assistants employed is about half the number required in one of those branches. It is the same when a dog teases another dog by startling him, showing signs of enjoying the trick. As we have seen, witty dialogue flourishes when some force of repulsion as well as of attraction is involved, as that between a would-be seller and his needy yet stand-off buyer, or between a wooer and a woman concerned not 20 page essay example mla reference to make winning too easy. Louis, so rarely at fault in the details of civil administration, saw in the duel not only an unchristian and unrighteous practice, but a symbol of the disorganizing feudalism which he so energetically labored to suppress. Our imaginations are sufficiently excited, we have nothing to do with the matter but as a pure creation of the mind, and we therefore yield to the natural, unwarped impression of good and evil. If it should be asked then what difference it can make to me whether I pursue my own welfare, or entirely neglect it, what reason I can have to be at all interested in it, I answer that according to the selfish hypothesis I do not see any. The consideration of this difference may satisfy us how much the indignation, even of the spectator, is apt to be animated by the actual consequences of the action. Some practitioners have an evident delight in alarming the apprehensions and cutting off the limbs of their patients: these would have been ill-natured men in any situation in life, and merely make an excuse of their profession to indulge their natural ill-humour and brutality of temper. The Moon, therefore, became a Planet, and revolved round the Earth. With some laughers, too, the moisture may come at an earlier stage than with others. The remembrance of such illustrious relations flatters not a little the family pride of them all; and it is neither from affection, nor from any thing which resembles affection, but from the most frivolous and childish of all vanities, that this remembrance is so carefully kept up. In their different dialects the sounds of _n_, _l_, and _r_ were alternated, so that while Thomas Campanius, who translated the Catechism into Delaware about 1645, wrote that word _rhennus_, later writers have given it _lenno_, and translate it “man.” This is the word which we find in the name Lenni Lenape, which, by its derivation, means “we, we men.” The antecedent _lenni_ is superfluous. Of those which are well disposed, the most familiar are the _Balams_ (Maya, _Hbalamob_, masculine plural form of _balam_). A stream of colder water always flows from the Black Sea into the Mediterranean. Whibley almost a charming showman’s show (we are charmed by the urbanity of the showman). It is better to let the library stand on its own merits as an instructional agent. A very remarkable regulation, moreover, provided against false confessions extorted by torment. In their statutes as revised in 1548 torture is indeed permitted, but only in case of persons accused of crimes involving the penalty of blood. Zetina tells this story which he heard among his native friends: One day an Indian and his wife went to their corn-patch to gather ears. [Sidenote: _Experience of Mankind._] But if an Argument from Brutes and other Animals shall not be allow’d as conclusive, (though I can’t see, why such an Inference should not be valid, since the parity of Reason is the same on both sides in this Case.) I shall desire those, that hold against us to observe the Country People, I mean the inferiour sort of them, such as not having Stocks to follow Husbandry upon their own Score, subsist upon their daily Labour. When our great verse is all remote and the familiar things are left to folk-lore and rag-time, then folk-lore and rag-time will monopolize public attention and fill the heart of the people. In neither case does our regard for the individuals arise from our regard for the multitude: but in both cases our regard for the multitude is compounded and made up of the particular regards which we feel for the different individuals of which it is composed. The general maxims of morality are formed, like all other general maxims, from experience and induction. {vi} 2nd.—The different Divisions, into which I divide the Insane. [61] Ed. Colour bears no sort of resemblance to Solidity, nor to Heat, nor to Cold, nor to Sound, nor to Smell, nor to Taste. At the same time, one must allow that the process of destruction in itself may be to a savage, as alas it often is to an English boy, an easy way to the attainment of a “sudden glory”. One man {256} says, O beloved city of Cecrops. Yet the intrusion of laughter into invective, just because it is the solvent of all serious moods, tends, as we have seen, to develop, if only for an instant, a lighter tone.

The crowd loves the spectacle of lawlessness and misrule in the harlequinade and elsewhere. It is a common-place at present to say that heavy bodies fall by attraction. Whibley the most appropriate person in the world for the work by which he is best known. In no other way can the history of the development of his arts be reached. The form of procedure was identical with that of old, and the oath, as we have already seen (page 58), was an unqualified assertion of the truth of that of the accused.[215] Practically, however, we may assume that the custom had become obsolete, for the letters patent of Henry III., ordering the revision in 1577, expressly state that the provisions of the existing laws “estoient la pluspart hors d’usage et peu ou point entendu des habitants du pays;” and that compurgation was one of the forgotten formulas may fairly be inferred from the fact that Pasquier, writing previous to 1584, speaks of it as altogether a matter of the past.[216] The fierce mountaineers of Bearn were comparatively inaccessible to the innovating spirit of the age, and preserved their feudal independence amid the progress and reform of the sixteenth century long after it had become obsolete elsewhere throughout Southern Europe. . If a young gallant of the first fashion were asked to shoe a horse, or hold a plough, or fell a tree, he would make a very ridiculous business of the first experiment. When the sentiments of our companion coincide with our own in things of this kind, which are obvious and easy, and in which, perhaps, we never found a single person who differed from us, though we, no doubt, must approve of them, yet he seems to deserve no praise or admiration on account of them. He seems to imagine that he can arrange the different members of a great society with as much ease as the hand arranges the different pieces upon a chess-board. 9. If association were every thing, and the cause of every thing, there could be no comparison of one idea with another, no reasoning, no abstraction, no regular contrivance, no wisdom, no general sense of right and wrong, no sympathy, no foresight of any thing, in short nothing that is essential, or honourable to the human mind would be left to it. The study of these things must have to do largely with history and technique, and while a knowledge of these is desirable it can not affect taste, although we may imagine that it does. It is the same case with what you call the evils of human life. So far from being proficients, or having wasted their time in these trifling pursuits, I believe not one of the persons you have named has the least taste or capacity for them, or any idea corresponding to them, except Mr. The former sentiment is altogether independent of the latter, and seems sometimes even to dispose us to act inconsistently with it. It is a stronger love, a more powerful affection, which generally takes place upon such occasions; the love of what is honourable and noble, of the grandeur, and dignity, and superiority of our own characters. Jourdain’s professors. The loss of one’s hat, a fall due to a slip, or a tilting against another pedestrian, are recognised instances of the amusing in the spectacle of the streets. Whatever be the object or situation which the scene-painter represents upon the theatre, the Music of the orchestra, by disposing the mind to the same sort of mood and temper which it would feel from the presence of that object, or from sympathy with the person who was placed in that situation, can greatly enhance the effect of that imitation: it can accommodate itself to every diversity of scene. _tak’chi_, to _tie_ (active, emphatic). Denying the accusation, he was twice tortured with increasing severity, until he confessed the alleged crime, but asserted it to be a first offence. He made no hesitation about doing it. The facility which habit gives in admitting new ideas, or in reflecting upon old ones, renders the exercise of intellectual activity a matter of comparative insignificance; and by taking away the resistance and the difficulty, takes away the liveliness of impulse that imparts a sense of pleasure or of pain to the soul. No evil is greater than the evil of constantly chiding and suspiciously watching for faults. The bitter struggle between his personal preferences and his high sense of duty is shown in the words of his wife written to a friend at the time: ‘My husband has wept tears of blood over this terrible war; but he must as a man and a Virginian share the destiny of his state, which has solemnly pronounced for independence.'” Lee’s action in choosing the “nearer” duty to his own state in preference to the duty he owed to the Union as a soldier and a citizen, even against his personal preferences and, as far as one can discern them, his religious opinions, affords a striking example of the principle I have been attempting to illustrate. Under these circumstances it is in the position of Coleridge’s Wedding Guest–it “can not chuse but hear”. Once for all, I must say of these old cases, since there is no book or documents concerning them, that the origin, nature, and progress of the disease cannot now be known except from enquiries directly made, either by writing, or of such friends as may occasionally visit them; and with many of these lower class of patients, it 20 page essay example mla reference cannot of course surprise us that they should not have any friends to visit them after such a lapse of time. Properly employed, a study of those geologic features of a country which determine its geography will prove of vast advantage in ascertaining the events of pre-historic time. Hincmar, the most conspicuous ecclesiastic of his day, stood boldly forth in defence of the unhappy queen, and in his treatise “De Divortio Lotharii et Teutberg?,” although no one at the time seriously thought of impugning the authority of ordeals in general, it suited his purpose to insist upon their claims to infallibility. And as we pass from this to the conduct of a business we recognize that the man who engages in commerce without keeping proper accounts is a fool and courts failure, and that the larger the business and the more widespread the interests, the more complicated and extensive must be the bookkeeping. Professionalism is a symptom of a great many things–of achievement and of consciousness of it and pride in it; of a desire to do teamwork and to maintain standards; to make sure that one’s work is to be carried on and advanced by worthy successors. “If you will only shut the books up,” he said, “I can find out who takes ’em; but here everybody is taking out books and walking around with them.” When the professional acknowledges himself beaten, what shall the librarian do? Passing to the tribes nearer the Mississippi, most of them of Choctaw affiliation, we find considerable testimony in the French writers to their use of mounds. On the contrary, we should be vexed if he did not seem to be entertained with it, and we could no longer take any pleasure in reading it to him. With the knowledge we have of the early Louisiana colony, it would have been next to impossible for a Spanish monk to have lived with them long enough to have acquired their language, and no mention to have been made of him in the French accounts. The deeper secret of the mood of humour, however, lies in a peculiar modification of the feeling-tone of consciousness. It must at least control its own text books, and its collection of reference works should be complete enough to constitute a thorough guide and aid to proper study. His late Majesty laughed heartily at this, and was amused to find that there was a person in the world, ignorant of that vast interval which separated him from every other man. He had been uniformly “unlucky”. The actions of men which flowed from this motive were alone truly praise-worthy, or could claim any merit in the sight of the Deity. I must speak of the library’s finances here, however, 20 page essay example mla reference only as they affect the librarian’s choice of books. We are thankful for good-will rather than for services, for the motive than the _quantum_ of favour received—a kind word or look is never forgotten, while we cancel prouder and weightier obligations; and those who esteem us or evince a partiality to us are those whom we still consider as our best friends. Wordsworth’s phrase, ‘the child’s the father of the man’ surely enough. The greater part of our common dances either never were pantomime, or, with a very few exceptions, have almost all ceased to be so. His line of argument shows how thoroughly the pagan custom had become Christianized, and how easily the churchman could find reasons for attributing to God the interposition which his ancestors had ascribed to Mithra, or to Agni, or to Thor. He is evidently of a contented and happy disposition. —– _Part IV. In conformance with this principle of moral obligation, we choose the greater before the lesser good. Another woman was stripped naked, laid on a cold stone with a hair-cloth over her, and thus kept for twenty-eight days and nights, being fed on bread and water. This early smile, he adds, was not an imitation of another’s; nor did it imply a joyous recognition of the mother. He announces instead of demonstrating; and jumps at a conclusion in a heavy, awkward way. The gleeful playwright cabled objurgations from London, and the press agent, retiring modestly into the background, saw advertising that would have cost him $100,000, at the lowest estimate, poured into his willing lap by the yellow, but easy, press of his native burg. {38b} The quantity of sand, stones, &c., moved here and there by the tidal current is very considerable, and no given line of the coast can afford a better example than the one under consideration. The instant you can go alone, or can stand upon your own ground, you are discarded as unfit for their purpose. A final remark is needed to prevent misapprehension.